For patients who are prone to catastrophizing, Rockville, Maryland, psychologist (ADAA member) Mary Alvord goes through a series of questions that challenge — and hopefully allay — some of their fears.

“What is the worst-case scenario? How likely is the worst-case scenario? What would you tell a friend going through this?” Alvord said. “What can you control and what can you do about that which you can control? I use these as they are reality checks.”