- Reacting to a Traumatic Event
- #Relationships, Trauma, and PTSD
- PTSD Facts
- ADAA Resources
- Additional Resources
It’s not unusual for people who have experienced traumatic events to have flashbacks, nightmares, or intrusive memories when something terrible happens — like the 9/11 terrorist attacks and those in cities around the world (Orlando and Paris, for example) or the bombings at the 2013 Boston Marathon, or active combat.
Be tolerant of your nervous system: It’s having a normal reaction. Try not to get hooked to news reports, which may seem particularly compelling. Spend time with loved ones in favorite activities or outside in nature, and avoid alcohol.
Learn more below, including how to help children.
Posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a serious potentially debilitating condition that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a natural disaster, serious accident, terrorist incident, sudden death of a loved one, war, violent personal assault such as rape, or other life-threatening events.There are currently about 8 million people in the United States living with PTSD. Research has recently shown that PTSD among military personnel may be a physical brain injury, specifically of damaged tissue, caused by blasts during combat. (Research Traces Link Between Combat Blasts and PTSD)
Most people who experience such events recover from them, but people with PTSD continue to be severely depressed and anxious for months or even years following the event. Learn about PTSD symptoms.
Women are twice as likely to develop posttraumatic stress disorder as men, and children can also develop it. PTSD often occurs with depression, substance abuse, or other anxiety disorders.
Relationships, Trauma, and PTSD
Trauma survivors who have PTSD may have trouble with their close family relationships or friendships. Their symptoms can cause problems with trust, closeness, communication, and problem solving, which may affect the way the survivor acts with others. In turn, the way a loved one responds to him or her affects the trauma survivor. A circular pattern may develop that could harm relationships. Read more from the National Center for PTSD.
- More than 8 million Americans between the age of 18 and older have PTSD.
- 67 percent of people exposed to mass violence have been shown to develop PTSD, a higher rate than those exposed to natural disasters or other types of traumatic events.
- People who have experienced previous traumatic events run a higher risk of developing PTSD.
- PTSD can also affect children and members of the military: Watch a video about Staff Sgt. Stacy Pearsall, a combat photographer who experienced PTSD. See how she got help.
- Talking to Children and Teens After a School Shooting - Blog Post
- How to Prevent Trauma from Becoming PTSD - Blog Post
- Be There for Women Veterans in Your Community - Blog Post
- Trastorno de Estrés Post-Traumático - Webinar
- PTSD: What I Should Know About Current Treatments - Webinar
- Using e-Health to Increase the Reach of Evidence-based Treatments for PTSD: Lessons Learned from the Web-PE Studies
- It Works, But How?: Examination of Mechanisms of Change in PTSD Treatment
- An Introduction to Prolonged Exposure Therapy for PTSD
- Identifying and Treating Moral Injury-Based Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Military Service Members and Veterans
National Center for PTSD
Understanding PTSD and PTSD Treatment
PTSD Stories on The Mighty
Give an Hour — for veterans and their families
Real Warriors (U.S. Department of Defense) — for veterans and their families
The Gift From Within